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Criterion Details

PD-15 Historical, Archaeological, and Cultural Preservation

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Project Development Scorecard

  • Rural Basic
  • Urban Basic
  • Rural Extended
  • Urban Extended
  • Custom Core


Preserve, protect, or enhance cultural and historic assets, and/or feature National Scenic Byways Program (NSBP) historic, archaeological, or cultural intrinsic qualities in a roadway.

Sustainability Linkage

Triple Bottom Line

Preserving historical, archaeological, and cultural resources supports the social principle by emphasizing significant features that are valued by the community and by providing educational facilities or visual and/or physical access where applicable.

Background & Scoring Requirements

Scoring Requirements

In order to achieve points for this criterion, one of the following prerequisites must apply:

Prerequisite PD-15.1P.

0 points. Listed in US National Register of Historic Places

Any part of the project or resource within the project boundaries is listed in the United States National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) or has been determined eligible for the National Register by a State, Local, or Tribal Historic Preservation Officer.


Prerequisite PD-15.2P 

0 points. Along America’s Byways ® or Equivalent 

Any portion of the project is along one of America’s Byways® (National Scenic Byway or All-American Road –, a State Scenic Byway, an Indian Tribe Scenic Byway, or other route that was designated or officially recognized as such because of its significant historical, cultural, and/or archaeological features.

Requirement PD-15.1

1-3 points. Avoid or Minimize Impacts to Historical, Archeological or Cultural Qualities or Enhance Features

Points shall be achieved per the Table PD-15.1A. Points are not cumulative; rather the highest point value earned should be used.


Case Studies & Criterion Examples

SSRPC - Visualizing Sustainability in the Historic Route 66 Corridor Project: The metropolitan planning organization (MPO) for Springfield, IL, the Springfield Sangamon County Regional Planning Commission (SSRPC), applied 23 of the 29 criteria from the INVEST Project Development (PD) module to a corridor improvement project along the Peoria Road / Route 66 Corridor. This corridor includes the historic Route 66, the state fairground, the SHEA's Museum, transit service, and a mix of residential and commercial development. The MPO held a workshop with stakeholder agencies in the region, including city officials and the state department of transportation. Planners explained how the INVEST tool measures sustainability and how it could be applied to the Peoria Road / Route 66 Corridor Improvement Project. Using the INVEST criteria, planners identified improvements that could be made to the corridor that would enhance sustainability.

Western Federal Lands - Highlighting Best Practices and Identifying Areas for Improvement: Starting in 2012, the Western Federal Lands Highway Division (WFL) within the Federal Highway Administration used the INVEST Project Development (PD) module to evaluate the sustainability of its projects, increase awareness, and identify areas of improvement for current and future projects. As part of this process, WFL compiled a list of eligible projects and selected three projects that were representative of WFL work on various Federal lands to evaluate. The three projects, Powers to Agness Road, Grand Loop Road, Canyon to Tower, Phase 2, and Teton Pathways, Phase 1 and 2, averaged a score of 49 (Silver level) using the INVEST Rural Extended Scorecard. With assistance from the project managers, WFL staff carried out desktop assessments for all of the projects and field assessments for the Grand Loop Road and Teton Pathways projects. This initial year of project evaluations was mostly retrospective, and as a result, sustainability improvements were limited. However, WFL staff became more proficient and efficient at evaluations. Based on the 2012 review and how informative and educational the INVEST evaluation process was, WFL decided to select a representative sample of projects to assess in 2013.

Arizona DOT - Using INVEST to Integrate Sustainability: The Arizona Department of Transportation (ADOT) decided to use all three modules of INVEST – System Planning, Project Development, and Operations and Maintenance – to help the agency meet its sustainability goals across the transportation life cycle.  ADOT used INVEST to integrate and advance existing sustainability efforts and to push forward new efforts.  INVEST’s comprehensive sustainability framework and criteria helped ADOT institutionalize sustainability across the agency and with local partners through inclusion in manuals, trainings, and awards.  This case study focuses on ADOT’s use of the Project Development module.

Portland Milwaukie Light Rail Transit Project: TriMet utilized INVEST 1.0 to evaluate and score the PMLR Transit Project. PMLR is a 7.3‐mile light rail corridor providing access for residents of Portland and Clackamas County. TriMet used the custom scorecard by building upon the required 19 core criteria and adding seven more criteria to provide a more rigorous and well‐rounded analysis of the project and to better reflect the goals, achievements, and gaps specific to a transit project.

Arizona DOT - Sonoran Corridor Study: In February 2017, the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) and Arizona Department of Transportation (ADOT) initiated an environmental review process for the Sonoran Corridor, which would connect Interstate 19 and Interstate 10 south of the Tucson International Airport. A Corridor Selection Report (CSR) and Tier 1 Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) were prepared as part of this process in accordance with the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) and other regulatory requirements. The project objective is to identify an appropriate and approximate 2000-foot corridor for a future roadway that would be subject to a detailed design and a Tier 2 environmental review to identify a final roadway alignment and necessary project mitigation treatments. At the direction of ADOT, this case study evaluates processes and methodologies used for development of the Sonoran Corridor Tier 1 EIS compared to INVEST guiding principles.

Scoring Sources

The project is considered to have met this criterion if the requirements above can be reasonably substantiated through the existence of one or more of the following documentation sources (or equal where not available):

  1. Documentation of the eligibility of the resource or location for the United States NRHP.
  2. Documentation from associated organization(s), indicating what recognition of a tribal or other appropriate interests were or will be represented.
  3. Description of project features and policies that minimize adverse effects according to Section 106 of NHPA.
  4. Description of activities to avoid or improvements to enhance features.