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Criterion Details

PD-14 ITS for System Operations

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Project Development Scorecard

  • Urban Basic
  • Rural Extended
  • Urban Extended


Improve the efficiency of transportation systems through deployment of technology and without adding infrastructure capacity in order to reduce emissions and energy use, and improve economic and social needs.

Sustainability Linkage

Triple Bottom Line

Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) applications support all of the triple bottom line principles by improving mobility, reducing congestion, and improving safety while avoiding environmentally- and economically-costly physical capacity increases.

Background & Scoring Requirements


Include Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) applications listed in the ITS Joint Program Office (JPO), Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology (OST-R) ITS Applications Overview website1 or equivalent source (also see FHWA’s Office of Operations website2). Table PD-14.1.A lists the standard ITS applications and FHWA and ITS JPO website categories allowable for this criterion. All applications installed should be compliant with owner and/or state ITS architecture(s) (inter-operability). Visit the aforementioned website for more information on each of these applications.

The following list from the OST-R Connected Vehicle Applications website3 describes vehicle technologies that are being developed and researched to address real-world problems:

  • "Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V) Communications for Safety: This research investigates key questions such as are vehicle based safety applications using V2V communications effective and do they have benefits. Research is designed to determine whether regulatory action by the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration is warranted to speed the adoption of these safety capabilities. 
  • Vehicle-to-Infrastructure (V2I) Communications for Safety: This research investigates similar questions about V2I communications, with an initial focus on applications based on the relay of traffic signal phase and timing information to vehicles.  The purpose is to accelerate the next generation of safety applications through widespread adoption of V2I communications. 
  • Agency Data: This research assesses what traffic, transit and freight data are available today from various sources, and consider how to integrate data from vehicles acting as "probes" in the system.  The goal is to accelerate the adoption of transportation management systems that can be operated in the safest, most efficient and most environmentally friendly way possible.
  • Mobility: This research examines what technologies can help people and goods effortlessly transfer from one mode of travel (car, bus, truck, train, etc.) or route to another for the fastest and most environmentally friendly trip.  The research seeks to make cross-modal travel truly possible for people and goods, and enable agencies and companies to manage their systems in light of the fact that people and goods will be changing modes often.
  • Road Weather Management: This research considers how vehicle-based data on current weather conditions can be used by travelers and transportation agencies to enable decision-making that takes current weather conditions and future weather forecasts into account. 
  • Environment: This research explores how anonymous data from tailpipe emissions can be combined with other environmental data.  The goal is to enable transportation managers to manage the transportation network while accounting for environmental impact."

Scoring Requirements

Requirement PD-14.1

1-5 points. Install ITS Features

Install one or more allowable applications for the categories in Table PD-14.1.A as defined per the FHWA ITS Applications Overview website referenced above, or equivalent. Points are awarded based on how many categories are installed; multiple applications in one category do not achieve additional points. Points for installing applications from multiple categories are cumulative; however, this criterion shall not exceed a total of five points.



Above-Referenced Resources

The following resources are referenced in this criterion and consolidated here:

  1. Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology (OST‐R), ITS Applications Overview website,
  2. FHWA, Operations website at
  3. Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology (OST‐R), Connected Vehicle Applications website,


Case Studies & Criterion Examples

Arizona DOT - Using INVEST to Integrate Sustainability: The Arizona Department of Transportation (ADOT) decided to use all three modules of INVEST – System Planning, Project Development, and Operations and Maintenance – to help the agency meet its sustainability goals across the transportation life cycle.  ADOT used INVEST to integrate and advance existing sustainability efforts and to push forward new efforts.  INVEST’s comprehensive sustainability framework and criteria helped ADOT institutionalize sustainability across the agency and with local partners through inclusion in manuals, trainings, and awards.  This case study focuses on ADOT’s use of the Project Development module.

Arizona DOT - State Route 30 Sustainable Project Development: This case study describes the use of the INVEST PD module to analyze and score the ADOT State Route (SR) 30 project—an approximately 13-mile section of new freeway in the Phoenix metropolitan area. The new freeway would be built five (5) miles south of Interstate 10 and would run from Sarival Road in Goodyear east to Loop 202 (South Mountain Freeway) in the western section of Phoenix in Maricopa County, Arizona. SR 30 is a proposed new freeway managed by the ADOT that would eventually link with the proposed ADOT Interstate 11 project in western Maricopa County near Tonopah at its western terminus and with the existing Interstate 17 at the Durango Curve in Phoenix at its eastern terminus. The section of SR 30 analyzed and scored using INVEST is currently in the preliminary design and environmental assessment evaluation phase pursuant to the National Environmental Policy Act.

Scoring Sources

The project is considered to have met this criterion if the requirements above can be reasonably substantiated through the existence of one or more of the following documentation sources (or equal where not available):

  1. A list of the ITS applications and their corresponding categories.
  2. Contract documents showing ITS applications to be installed on the project.
  3. Photo(s) or other documentation of installed applications.